Тема: Монополистическая конкуренция: производственный выбор и проблема эффективности. Учебная работа № 398314

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Тип работы: Курсовая практическая
Предмет: Микроэкономика
Страниц: 25


Введение 3

I Теоретические аспекты и сущность рынка монополистической конкуренции 5
1.1 Теория монополистической конкуренции Э. Чемберлена 5
1.2 Определение сущности и условия монополистической конкуренции 9
II Определение цены и объема продукции в условиях монополистической конкуренции. Рынок мобильной связи, как пример монополистической конкуренции 13
2.1 Производственный выбор на рынке монополистической конкуренции. Неэффективность монополистической конкуренции 13
2.2 Рынок мобильной связи, как пример рынка монополистической конкуренции города Москвы 19

Заключение 24
Список использованной литературы 26Стоимость данной учебной работы: 675 руб.


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    Учебная работа № 398314. Тема: Монополистическая конкуренция: производственный выбор и проблема эффективности

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    Monopolistic competition and economic efficiency (Монополистическая конкуренция и экономическая)

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    Международный институт экономики и финансов, 2 курс,

    Высшая школа экономики.



    Year 2000, March.


       One of the
    most important and basic economic issues is the theory of Market Structure. The
    meaning of economics as a science is the description and explanation of
    different ways of economic agencies’ interactions through commodities,
    services, mediums of exchange like money, production processes and other in
    order to increase their wellbeing in a materialistic part of life. The
    satisfaction, although only partial, of either economic agency could not be
    achieved while acting without knowing something about the market, on which it
    operates. One can not predict or expect either producers’ or consumers’
    behaviour without knowing general profit and utility maximising notions and
    conditions. The structure of a market provides this information.

       The theory
    of Market Structure divides the markets into four most distinctive types. The
    polar ones are the pure competition and pure monopoly. Between these extreme
    case lie two imperfectly competitive market structures: monopolistic
    competition (the one, which is closer to perfect or pure competition, and which
    would be described in this essay) and oligopoly (closer to monopoly, but has
    more than one but not many large operating firms, lower monopolistic power and
    other distinctive features).

       The markets,
    which combine both the price making of a monopoly with a large number of
    suppliers and free- entry conditions of pure competition are the most popular
    and wide spread ones. Among these are almost all retail stores like record
    shops and clothing shops, food facilities like restaurants and fast-food
    enterprises, producers of non-alcoholic beverages like Coca-Cola or Pepsi and a
    great variety of others. Because such markets combine the features of monopoly
    and competition, they are called monopolistically competitive.  This
    model is also very interesting and important tool for analysing such issues as
    product variety and product choice. It helps us understand whether the market
    system leads to the production of the “right” assortment of goods and services
    as it is too expensive to produce all conceivable commodities and there is
    always a problem of choice.

       There are
    several characteristic assumptions, which identifies the monopolistic

    Sellers are price makers. The reason for this is that unlike in perfect competition where the
    product is identical, there is a slightly differentiated or heterogeneous
    product. Even if some firm has a monopolistic right on its trade mark and
    other firms are not allowed to produce the identical commodity, they have the
    opportunity to produce similar, but slightly different product and compete with
    it on the market. The greater is the difference of the firm’s product from
    other one’s (can be based even on location), the greater is the monopolistic
    power of that firm and the less elastic is the demand curve for its output.
    This feature enables it to charge a slightly different price relative to its
    competitors without loosing all its customers. Product differentiation leads to
    the potentiality for a firm to affect the price for the good or service it
    produces. Although this ability is very limited and depends on the degree of
    differentiation, a monopolistically competitive firm faces the downward
    sloping demand curve like a monopoly or oligopoly (this is the main
    characteristic of every imperfect competition market).

    differentiation makes this model different from pure competition model.